The Dutch painter, the renowned Vincent van Gogh, is one of the most famous artists of post-impressionism and has inspired many. In little more than a decade, he created more than two thousand artworks, including about 860 oil paintings. Most of these were painted during the last two years of his life. Much of his work is exhibited in Amsterdam’s Van Gogh Museum. When traveling to see art, amsterdam is on everyones bucket list of destintaons for experiencing van Gogh’s work.
Childhood and Education
Vincent van Gogh was born in the Dutch village of Zundert. He was the eldest son in a large family and had three sisters and two brothers. His father was a reverend. Vincent was a quiet child and didn’t show any particular artistic talent. He had only sporadic schooling, as was not uncommon in those days. Vincent’s childhood was a happy one, on which he looked back with great pleasure in his later life.
In 1873, van Gogh was transferred to London and two years later to Paris. There he immersed himself in religion, lost all interest in being an art dealer and was dismissed from his job in 1876. After brief employment as an assistant teacher in England, he returned to Holland to become a clergyman. But again, he couldn’t sustain his employment. He followed his brother Theo’s advice and became an artist.
The Dutch Period
Supported by his brother Theo, Vincent began his work as an artist and rapidly developed his, until then unknown, extraordinary talent as a genuinely original master. He briefly studied at the academy in Brussels, then went to live with his parents in Etten, where he taught himself how to draw. His subjects were mostly drawn from peasant life.
1881, he moved to de Hague, where he created a few paintings, but drawing was still his main passion. Due to the lack of drawing materials and money, he was repeatedly forced to move back to his parents. During this period, he produced a multitude of studies and drawings depicting peasants working in the fields.
Paris, Arles, Auvers
In 1886, van Gogh went to live with his brother Theo in Paris. There he met the Impressionists Manet, Monet, and Cezanne, as well as the post-impressionist Gauguin. He began painting still lives of flowers and experimented with new techniques. He developed his own highly individual style.
Two years later he went to Arles in the Provence as a mature artist, where he painted the landscape around the area and some portraits. Towards the end of that year, the first signs of mental illness showed themselves, and the following year, he spent some time in a mental asylum. In 1890, he moved to Auvers-sur-Oise, near Paris, where he died under strange circumstances in the summer of that year, two days after shooting himself in the chest.